Alexander Murvanidze
Александр Мурванидзе

Write about the national symbols of the USA (essay)


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National Symbols represent pride and values of the country.

The USA is third largest country by land area and world’s largest economy.

There are many symbols that represent the United States of America in general, but every state has its own flag, its own emblem and its own anthem too.

Here are some of the official United States national symbols:

Flag of the United States

The American flag is often called «The Stars and Stripes» (other names «Old Glory» and «The Star-Spangled Banner»).

It has 13 horizontal stripes, 7 red and 6 white which stand for the original 13 states (thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and became the first states in the Union). In the top left hand corner there are 50 white stars on a blue background: one star for each state.

Seal of the United States

The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States federal government. It was first used publicly in 1782.

The Great seal is used as the national coat of arms of the United States. It is officially used on documents such as United States passports, military insignia, embassy placards, and various flags.

Since 1935, both sides of the Great Seal have appeared on the reverse of the one-dollar bill. The Seal of the President of the United States is directly based on the Great Seal, and its elements are used in numerous government agency and state seals.

National bird: Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle is the national bird of the USA and is represented on its Seal. In the late 20th century it was on the brink of extirpation in the continental United States. Populations recovered and the species was removed from the U.S. federal government’s list of endangered species on July 12, 1995 and transferred to the list of threatened species. It was removed from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in the Lower 48 States on June 28, 2007.

Bald Eagles are not actually bald, the name derives from an older meaning of «white headed».

National anthem: «The Star-Spangled Banner»

«The Star-Spangled Banner» is the national anthem of the United States of America. The lyrics come from «Defence of Fort McHenry», a poem written in 1814 by the 35-year-old lawyer and amateur poet, Francis Scott Key, after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British Royal Navy ships in Chesapeake Bay during the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.

«The Star-Spangled Banner» was recognized for official use by the Navy in 1889, and by President Woodrow Wilson in 1916, and was made the national anthem by a congressional resolution on March 3, 1931, which was signed by President Herbert Hoover.

National mottos: «In God We Trust», «E Pluribus Unum»

«In God we trust» was adopted as the official motto of the United States in 1956 as an alternative or replacement to the unofficial motto of E pluribus unum, adopted when the Great Seal of the United States was created and adopted in 1782.

«In God we trust» has appeared on most U.S. coins since 1864 and on paper currency since 1957.

It is also the motto of the U.S. state of Florida. Its Spanish equivalent, En Dios Confiamos, is the motto of the Republic of Nicaragua.